"Ayatollah Sistani's fatwa (jurist decree) on the need to defend against ISIS was an important step in the fight against terrorism in Iraq."
These are the opinions of many Iraqi officials who have stated on various occasions after the victory over ISIS in Iraq.
One may ask how could the fatwa led to the formation of the Al Hashd al Shabi (Iraqi People's Mobilization Forces) despite the presence of the United States in Iraq, which has formed 130 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to counter the cultural and religious movements of Muslims in this country?
In addition to these organizations, the United States has 14 military bases in Iraq, and basically any practical action by non-governmental organizations is within the reach of the American military, which made it impossible to guarantee the implementation of Ayatollah Sistani's fatwa.
The Iraqi People's Mobilization is a non-governmental organization that was formed after the ISIS attack on the country following the fatwa of Ayatollah Sistani, which according to Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi, Secretary General of the Iraqi Najaf, was formed from the masses and headed by General Qassem Soleimani.
Former Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi also acknowledged the role of General Qassem Soleimani in organizing the al-Hashd al-Shabi, hailing him as one of Iraq's most important allies in the fight against ISIS.
Iraqi officials in both the central government in Baghdad and in the Kurdish region believe that General Soleimani played a key role in forming resistance groups, which are the core of the popular mobilization forces.
Now, not only does ISIS no longer have any territory in Iraq, but its sleeping-cells can no longer find a place to sleep.
On the contrary, al-Hashd al-Shabi is developing
its power and legitimacy in Iraq and the region. It has become not only the
forerunner of a hard war against the invaders and occupiers, but also in the
soft-war field that the United States started through 130 NGOs in Iraq